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Steven J. Karau

Steven J. Karau

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My research focuses on group dynamics, motivation losses and gains in groups, gender differences in leadership and entrepreneurship, personality and individual differences in organizational contexts, and relationships between ethical reasoning and organizational action. I teach courses in organizational behavior, managerial ethics, research methodology, human resources, strategic management, and entrepreneurship in the College of Business at Southern Illinois University, Carbondale.

Primary Interests:

  • Ethics and Morality
  • Gender Psychology
  • Group Processes
  • Motivation, Goal Setting
  • Organizational Behavior
  • Personality, Individual Differences

Books:

Journal Articles:

  • Byun, G., Karau, S. J., Dai. Y., & Lee, S. (2018). A three-level examination of the cascading effects of ethical leadership on employee outcomes: A moderated mediation analysis. Journal of Business Research, 88, 44-53.
  • Eagly, A. H., & Karau, S. J. (2002). Role congruity theory of prejudice toward female leaders. Psychological Review, 109, 573-598.
  • Eagly, A. H., & Karau, S. J. (1991). Gender and the emergence of leaders: A meta-analysis. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 60, 685-710.
  • Eagly, A. H., Karau, S. J., & Makhijani, M. G. (1995). Gender and leader effectiveness: A meta-analysis. Psychological Bulletin, 117, 125-145.
  • Hart, J. W., Karau, S. J., Stasson, M. F., & Kerr, N. A. (2004). Achievement motivation, expected coworker performance, and collective task motivation: Working hard or hardly working? Journal of Applied Social Psychology, 34, 984-1000.
  • Jia, H. H., Jia, R., & Karau, S. J. (2013). Cyberloafing and personality: The impact of the Big Five traits and workplace situational factors. Journal of Leadership and Organizational Studies, 20, 358-365.
  • Karau, S. J., & Elsaid, A. M. (2009). Individual differences in beliefs about groups. Group Dynamics: Theory, Research, and Practice, 13, 1-13.
  • Karau, S. J., & Hart, J. W. (1998). Group cohesiveness and social loafing: Effects of a social interaction manipulation on individual motivation within groups. Group Dynamics: Theory, Research, and Practice, 2, 185-191.
  • Karau, S. J., & Kelly, J. R. (1992). The effects of time scarcity and time abundance on group performance quality and interaction process. Journal of Experimental Social Psychology, 28, 542-571.
  • Karau, S. J., & Williams, K. D. (1997). The effects of group cohesiveness on social loafing and social compensation. Group Dynamics: Theory, Research, and Practice, 1, 156-168.
  • Karau, S. J., & Williams, K. D. (1993). Social loafing: A meta-analytic review and theoretical integration. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 65, 681-706.
  • Kelly, J. R., & Karau, S. J. (1999). Group decision making: The effects of initial preferences and time pressure. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 25, 1342-1354.
  • Komarraju, M., & Karau, S. J. (2005). The relationship between the Big Five personality traits and academic motivation. Personality and Individual Differences, 39, 557-567.
  • Komarraju, M., Karau, S. J., & Schmeck, R. R. (2009). Role of the Big Five personality traits in predicting college students’ academic motivation and achievement. Learning and Individual Differences, 19, 47-52.
  • Komarraju, M., Karau, S. J., Schmeck, R. R., & Avdic, A. (2011). The Big Five personality traits, learning styles, and academic achievement. Personality and Individual Differences, 51, 472-477.
  • Michalisin, M. D., Karau, S. J., & Conrad, E. (2006). Top management team attraction as a strategic asset: A longitudinal simulation test of the resource based view. Journal of Applied Business Research, 22(3), 109-122.
  • Michalisin, M. D., Karau, S. J., & Tangpong, C. (2007). Leadership’s activation of team cohesion as a strategic asset: An empirical simulation. Journal of Business Strategies, 24, 1-26.
  • Michalisin, M. D., Karau, S. J., & Tangpong, C. (2004). The effects of performance and team cohesion on attribution: A longitudinal simulation. Journal of Business Research, 57, 1108-1115.
  • Michalisin, M. D., Karau, S. J., & Tangpong, C. (2004). Top management team cohesion and superior industry returns: An empirical study of the resource-based view. Group and Organization Management, 29, 125-140.
  • Smrt, D. L., & Karau, S. J. (2011). Protestant work ethic moderates social loafing. Group Dynamics: Theory, Research, and Practice, 15, 267-274.
  • Walker, S. C., & Karau, S. J. (2016). The influence of nonconscious processes on perceptions of downsizing and terminations. Journal of Social Psychology, 156, 397-412.
  • Williams, K. D., & Karau, S. J. (1991). Social loafing and social compensation: The effects of expectations of co-worker performance. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 61, 570-581.
  • Wood, M. S., & Karau, S. J. (2009). Preserving employee dignity during the termination interview: An empirical examination. Journal of Business Ethics, 86, 519-534.

Other Publications:

  • Karau, S. J., & Kelly, J. R. (2004). Time pressure and team performance: An attentional focus integration. In S. Blount (Ed.), Research on managing groups and teams (Vol. 6. Time in Groups. pp. 185-212). San Diego, CA: Elsevier.
  • Karau, S. J., & Wilhau, A. J. (2020). Social loafing and motivation gains in groups: An integrative review. In S. J. Karau (Ed.), Individual motivation within groups: Social loafing and motivation gains in work, academic, and sports teams (pp. 3-51). San Diego, CA: Academic Press.
  • Karau, S. J., & Williams, K. D. (2001). Understanding individual motivation in groups: The Collective Effort Model. In M. E. Turner (Ed.), Groups at work: Theory and research (pp. 113-141). Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.
  • McCarty, M. K., & Karau, S. J. (2017). Social inhibition. In S. G. Harkins, K.D. Williams, & J. Burger, (Eds.) The Oxford handbook of social influence (pp. 165-181). New York: Oxford University Press.

Steven J. Karau
Department of Management
Southern Illinois University Carbondale
Carbondale, Illinois 62901-4627
United States

  • Phone: (618) 453-7890

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